Pages

Sunday, December 21, 2014

JSF 2.x Dynamic Encoding

Encoding Examples
In an Internationalized world, we need to be able to change the encoding of a JSF page dynamically. In this case, we have some characters encoded in UTF-8, but we want to be able to change the encoding on the page, and have the framework handle the character conversions for our web page.

So how do we do it?

One of the simplest ways is to wrap our page in a <f:view /> tag. The tag wraps the <head/> and <body/> elements in our HTML page. In the example above this is accomplished as shown below: The code for the backing bean is shown below:

EncodingBean.java


The Netbeans Maven project can be found here: JSF Dynamic Encoding

Thursday, October 09, 2014

How do I check if a Class is an instanceof another Class without initializing it?

Illustration: Cathy Wilcox
We had a recent security audit and a question was posed about how to check a Class without doing an instanceof. This turned out to be a great learning experience. There were a couple of issues that needed to be resolved, first we were loading a Class by passing in its name using something similar to the line below: This will load the Class, but from here how do we check that it is an instanceof without instantiating it?
This can be solved by using isAssignableFrom(Class clazz) as shown below. In this case we are checking if SolientGreen is Green. Some of you will find the moral paradox of being "Green" with Soilent Green.
The second issue is a more potential security problem. How do we load the Class without initializing it. If the Class has a static initializer, the code is executed when the class is loaded. Alas, this is handled by using a variation of Class.forName(String name, boolean initialize, ClassLoader loader) which takes a boolean to determine if the class should be initialized, and a ClassLoader if you want to specify a specific loader.

Finally, we can check the Class like this: When this is run, you will not see the message. Very nice indeed!

So here is the remaining code for education and entertainment:
The code for the project can be downloaded from Bitbucket here: assignable

Friday, October 03, 2014

Cassandra Ruby Gem Issues on Mac OS X 10.9.5

I was trying to resolve some issues with building the cassandra gem on Mac OS X 10.9.5. The solution was a multipart solution. You first need to build thrift first which has a known issue, and then build cassandra. This technical tip is very simple. I didn't want to lose it, and I am sure that there are other people out there who will need it.
Note: Please make sure you have updated all the gems in your repository before executing these commands. This will build both required gems.

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

JSF 2.1 Tip of the Day: Clearing the @ViewScope

Introduction

I was trying to solve an issue in our code where the @ViewScope beans were not being garbage collected. I spoke a number of times with Manfred Riem at Oracle about the weirdness of this issue. The issue simply put was that we were facing a memory leak where the instances of @ViewScope objects were not being removed from the view map. As a result, the pages were being kept in memory. The view map is limited to 32 views which helped to hide the issue. In most cases, it would not appear to normal users of our application. The issue was suddenly evident when the view contained tens of thousands of objects. 32 x 10k is REALLY BIG! It really never made it to 32, the system would stall and crash at about 6 instances.

The Culprit

We had implemented our own custom NavigationHandler. This was working quite well on JSF 2.0.x, but a couple of things happened. The JSF implementation was changed to handle another view scope issue, and our implementation of the NavigationHandler was changed from my original code. The new handler did not handle cleaning up the @ViewScope object view map which is stored in the session. Oh, yeah, the view map in the session was the change to the API too.

The Solution

The solution turned out to be something simple, re-implement the same mechanism in the default NavigationHandler to clear the @ViewScope objects from the view map in the session.

Interesting Observations

I was trying to come up with a mechanism to clear the view map data from the session, and came up with a SystemEventListener to test out some ideas. I thought I would share the code for people to see how the map is cleared. This is an approach to the issue, but as I noted, it was actually something missed in our NavigationHandler. I thought I should post the code for anyone who was looking for ideas on how to manipulate the map, or clear data in it. So without further hesitation. Here is the code.

ViewMapSystemEventListener.java


To implement the listener, you need to add an entry to the faces-config.xml file as shown below.

faces-config.xml


Saturday, July 26, 2014

JSF 1.2: Project Woodstock Application using JPA

Woodstock Dataprovider Entity Example
Here is another example of using Project Woodstock along with JPA in an Enterprise Application. The project requires the sample database included in NetBeans.

The project was updated using NetBeans 6.5.1.


The code for the project can be found on Bitbucket here: WoodstockJPAApplication

Friday, July 25, 2014

JSF 1.2: Project Woodstock Multiple Selection Table Example

Multiple Selection Table

This is another example of a Project Woodstock project that was converted from Project Rave and Sun Studio Creator 2. This example details a multiple selection table, and was originally created by Winston Prakash.

I have updated the project using NetBeans 6.5.1 and tested on GlassFish 2.1.1.

The updated project can be found on BitBucket here: MultipleSelectionTable

Thursday, July 24, 2014

JSF 1.2: Project Rave Single Selection Table

Single Selection Table
Here is another example Project Rave/Woodstock project originally written by Winston Prakash for Sun Studio Creator 2. It has been updated using NetBeans 6.5.1 and tested on Glassfish 2.1.1.

The project can be found on BitBucket here: SingleSelectionTable

JSF 1.2: Woodstock Collapsible Group Table Example

Collapsible Group Table Example
Here is another example of a Project Rave data table converted to Project Woodstock. Project Woodstock was a great idea and the implementation with Visual JSF was the right path to go with JSF development. It is a shame that the project was canceled by Sun. I met a lot of great people who worked on the projects, and are still friends today. The code for this project was originally developed by Winston Prakash at Sun.

The code was developed using NetBeans 6.5.1 and can be downloaded from BitBucket here: CollapsibleGroupTable


Monday, July 14, 2014

JSF 1.2: Project Woodstock Button Facet Table

I was going through some old code examples. I found one created with Sun Studio Creator. Yes, it was very old.

The original example was developed by Winston Prakash.

I did some updates to Project Woodstock from the original Project Rave, and came up with a pretty new example page.

The project can be downloaded here: ButtonHeaderTable

Note: You will need to use NetBeans 6.5.1, or 6.7.1 to run it.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

JSF 1.2: Visual Web Pack (Project Woodstock) Java Persistence API Example

Master-Detail Example
This is some example code that I have for a Visual Web Pack (VWP) project that demonstrates some complex data table examples.

I often fantasize about being able to get the band back together and make Woodstock 2.0. Here is an example of why. This was complex for JSF 1.2.

The code can be downloaded from: vwpjpaexamples

I would strongly recommend using NetBeans 6.5.1 to build and run the example project.